A civilian is a person who is not in the military. In some cases, it can also mean a lawyer or scholar who studies civil or Roman law.
In international armed conflicts, civilians are protected under customary law and international treaties as persons entitled to the protection of a party to an armed conflict. This includes all persons who are not members of a belligerent force, including non-combatants such as military chaplains.
Depending on the situation, a civilian can be granted different privileges under international humanitarian law. In general, a civilian must be able to seek shelter, communicate with the government, and receive food and medical care without fear of harm from the host nation.
The term “civilian” can also refer to an officer in the United States National Guard or a police staff member. The difference lies in the fact that civilian law enforcement officers are not members of the military and are therefore under municipal law, while law enforcement staff members are military personnel and must adhere to military regulations.
It can be difficult to reintegrate into civilian life after serving in the military, but with a little time and patience, most service members and their families make it work. Here are some tips for a smooth transition to civilian life:
Reintegrate into Civilian Society
The first step in reintegrating into civilian life is to reclaim your identity. This means getting back to your old self and establishing new social ties. Many civilians find that joining clubs and organizations in their community helps them reconnect with old friends while meeting new ones.
Another important part of reintegrating into civilian life is redefining your priorities and setting new goals for yourself. It’s easy to become overwhelmed by all the different things that need your attention, but with a little focus and determination, you can get everything in order.
Reconnect with Your Support Network
The military community is big and varied, so you’ll likely have plenty of people to help you out along the way. Whether it’s going to an event or just having someone watch your kids for a few hours, it’s important to build strong connections with other military members.
If you’re a military spouse, redefining your priorities and learning how to balance your family life with your career is vitally important. With a bit of patience and effort, you’ll be able to enjoy the benefits of both your military and civilian life, while still finding peace within yourself.
Reconnect with Your Career
If you have a career in the military, there are plenty of opportunities to continue your education and grow your skills in the civilian world. There are many universities and colleges in the United States and abroad that offer a wide range of educational programs to help you pursue your career goals.
You can even find a university or college that will give you tuition assistance to help you pay for your classes. This can be an excellent option if you’re having difficulty paying for your education after leaving the military.