Human rights are norms of certain standards of human behaviour. They are regularly protected in international and municipal law. They represent moral principles that should be respected, upheld, and enforced. When a person is discriminated against, their rights are violated, but this is rarely the case. Regardless of the legal basis, human right protections are a good way to avoid this. In other words, human-rights violations do not happen in the world.
There are many types of human rights. Some are political, economic, or social. While they are interrelated, some are more important than others. Some, like health, are necessary for development, while others are only fulfilled in extreme circumstances. And some, like education, are a prerequisite for a fulfilling life. Some of these rights are mutually exclusive. Some are more important than others. But they cannot be denied by a government. This is because each right is interdependent and depends on others.
Besides the UN Human Rights Committee, there are UN special rapporteurs that work on specific human rights issues. These organizations monitor compliance with the UN Declaration of Human Rights. Likewise, corporate and international financial institutions have a duty not to become complicit in human rights abuses. These organizations have a responsibility to protect these principles. But these are not easy to enforce. Often, human right violations are hidden behind bureaucratic barriers, which makes a violation more difficult.
Human rights laws are not uniform, and are meant to be flexible to meet the needs of different groups. Depending on age and profession, certain rights are more useful for some people than others. For example, due process rights are more important for young men, while a person with disabilities may need more protections for his or her health. However, it is important to consider that human rights vary across groups, and they should not be restricted by their political affiliation.
The concept of human rights is not absolute. Some rights can be lost by bad conduct. For instance, women can lose their freedom of movement if they commit crimes that violate their human rights. Similarly, female genital mutilation is not mandated by religion. But in many other cultures, the practice has become a custom. Some countries have laws against it, but others have no such laws. In some cases, the procedure is a religious tradition.
In addition to these basic rights, other human rights are based on social factors. For example, the right to obtain necessities of life like food and shelter, the right to education, and the right to express oneself are all related to one another. These are not exclusive and can be acquired by any individual. Further, human and civil rights are universal. The right to participate in government is directly based on the ability to exercise your right to freely express yourself.