While some have argued that human rights are God-given, others say they can only be granted if they are enacted. There are, however, a few exceptions to this rule. Here, we will discuss a few of them. Let’s look at some of the more common examples. And remember: human rights are not the same everywhere. Despite common belief, these rights can be enacted by any country.
There are certain rights that every individual has. These rights are fundamental and inalienable, meaning no one has the right to take them away or give them away. They also protect individuals from harm and enable them to live peacefully. Many of us know our basic human rights, such as the right to food, a safe place to live, and to be paid for their work. But we may not realize that we have many more rights. These rights include:
The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights is a landmark treaty that was signed in 1966. It requires signatory states to make all available resources to fulfill the rights of their citizens. The Social Covenant likewise obligates signatory nations to respect all the Covenant’s rights, whether they are economic or social. By doing this, governments must guarantee that all citizens are free from discrimination, violence, and exploitation. This is why the Social Covenant includes standards that are based on equality and social justice.
The debate about whether human rights are universal has become obsolete. Around three-quarters of the world’s countries have ratified major human rights treaties. Many are also members of regional human rights regimes and international courts. Ultimately, every country shares many of the same political, legislative, and executive systems, as well as common public schools and taxation. Hence, most women’s human rights violations occur in the home. This is not surprising since most violence against women occurs in the “private” sphere.
As an example, attribution of human rights to God gives them a metaphysical but not practical secure status. For one, it fails to address the problem that billions of people do not believe in the God of Christianity, Islam, or Judaism. They have to be convinced of a theological view that supports human rights. But legal enactment gives them more security. But there are still some caveats. So, let’s take a closer look at some of these exceptions.
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a process under which all 193 UN member states are reviewed. Unlike a traditional review, the UPR is a cooperative state-driven process in which each state has an opportunity to present its human rights measures. And it ensures equality among countries. If the United States violates human rights, it must remedy this situation. The Human Rights Council is an excellent place to start. It’s important to support the broader cause of human rights.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has deep roots in Britain. The British Library has information about some of these icons of liberty. The idea of human rights became international due to the atrocities of the Second World War. In 1948, the United Nations allowed more than 50 member states to contribute to the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This was the first attempt to define global fundamental rights and became the basis for the European Convention on Human Rights. It is still an important document today.