The term “civilian” refers to people and objects that are not military objectives. Examples of civilian objects include dwellings, schools, granaries, and civilian means of transportation. Civilian objects also include areas of food production, springs, wells, and water conveyance works. However, some people may question whether a military object can be considered a civilian object. To answer this question, we must first define what a civilian object is.
The term civilian refers to any person who is not a member of an armed force. Civilians are not combatants, even if they are carrying weapons openly. They are, however, subject to the same laws as combatants. There are exceptions to the general rule of civilian status, however, such as military chaplains attached to a belligerent party or a neutral country’s military personnel. Under customary laws of war, civilians in armed conflict zones are entitled to certain privileges and protection.
Parties to the conflict should endeavour to conclude local agreements to allow the safe removal of civilians from areas encircled by enemy forces. Parties should also ensure that civilian hospitals are protected, regardless of whether they take part in hostilities or not. They should also ensure that any weapons, ammunition, or other military materials are removed from such areas. However, there are some restrictions that apply to civilian hospitals in war zones. Further, despite these limitations, a civilian hospital can be a civilian area.