The Fundamental Principles of Human Rights
A fundamental principle of human rights is that they are inalienable and universal, meaning that no one can voluntarily relinquish them or deny them to others. They are equally fundamental and cannot be taken away. Likewise, they cannot be encroachd upon or violated by anyone. This implies that, in the absence of a benevolent government, no individual or group can be denied their basic rights. Thus, the realization of one right may depend on the realization of others.
Human rights are universally valid. However, some cultural practices and religious beliefs override the principle that human rights are universal. Therefore, military intervention is only justified if it can halt or prevent a major humanitarian crisis. In addition, it must be carried out only if non-military methods have failed. If military action is the only means to accomplish a human protection objective, it should be proportionate to the scope and duration of the intervention.
Griffin argues that all human rights have a common origin in normative agency. Although his thesis is not an explanation of human or civil rights, it is a strong proposal for defining human rights. While this argument may sound convincing, it is unlikely to lead to a sharp distinction between human rights and other moral norms. While recognizing the “generative capacities” of normative agency, it may not be possible to guarantee that these are universally enforceable. As such, it is essential that there be a strong and comprehensive international system of human and civil liberties.
Moreover, achievability of human rights requires that these values are universal. While the attribution of human rights to God may give them a secure metaphysical status, it may not make them practically effective. Most people do not believe in a God like the one represented by Christianity, Islam, or Judaism. As a result, a theological argument defending human rights must convince people of the validity of their claim.
It is important to recognize that human rights differ based on age, gender, profession, and political affiliation. For example, a due process right may be more relevant to a young, single man than to an older, male woman. As such, a person’s human rights are often dependent on the context in which they are enforced. It is imperative to have the necessary freedoms in order to ensure a just society. So, the United States and other countries have signed the Declaration of Human Rights.
In addition to the rights to life, an individual has the right to choose whom they marry. This right is not granted to everyone, however, and there are exceptions to these rules. If an individual has a partner, they must be able to choose their life partners. They must also be able to live independently. In such cases, a person’s right to marriage can be restricted by their culture, but it is not illegal to marry them.